WKOB4 - Towards long term and innovative financial sustainability for MPAs

30 November - 9:00 / 12:30 in room Libye

Organisers: MedPAN

ModeratorsThomas Binet, Vertigo Lab

Session overview:

In line with the 2012 MPA Roadmap, this workshop will discuss the status of MPAs towards achieving objective 4 of the roadmap: Increase the allocation of financial resources to establish and maintain an ecological network of effectively managed MPAs.  Attendees altogether should formulate direct recommendations to evaluate where we stand in the implementation of the roadmap and what remains to be done to reach the objective.
The 2016 Mediterranean MPAs’ financing study will be presented to have an overview of MPA financing situation with a focus on the main problems that MPAs face with respect to financing.
Using a participatory approach exercise, participants will then engage with the experts to explore the tools to use in order to seek long term financing in MPAs at local and national levels.
At the local level, solutions to set up financial mechanisms will be discussed: raising funds through diving, hotel and construction taxes, issuing fishing licenses and services’ concessions. The workshop will also tackle basic methods and principles for good  management : MPAs must make solid business plans, train their staff in fundraising, and make co-funding agreements with coastal municipalities. Some voluntary new schemes will be also explored.
At the national level, unconventional funding sources will be presented such as the partnerships with private economic sectors willing to contribute to conservation such as tourism, aquaculture, shipping transport, oil and gas or even wind energy. Other solutions such as: airport and environmental taxes, and in some countries debt-for-nature swaps will be discussed. Recommendations for relevant national legislation will be made in order to enable all or part of the levy or tax on the exploitation of marine resources to be used specifically (“earmarked”) to fund the management of MPAs.
At the end of the workshop, the participants will be informed about new innovative initiatives that they could replicate


Inspiring Kaş-Kekova experience : Sustainable financing solutions and innovative governance system for the MPA sustainability
Speaker:  Eray Caglayan, WWF Turkey
Protected as a Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA) since 1990, Kaş-Kekova is a key zone of marine and terrestrial biodiversity in the eastern Mediterranean. WWF-Turkey works in collaboration with the General Directorate for Protection of Natural Assets of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization in order to implement the management plan for the Kaş-Kekova MPA which was approved in 2014. Kaş-Kekova MPA needs a tangible management unit and consistent funding sources to implement the management plan’s designated activities. WWF-Turkey provides suggestions regarding the institutional and regulatory arrangements in considering Kaş-Kekova’s financial sustainability which are assessed under three main themes: natural resources’ protection; the highly centralised system with very limited possibilities for site level decision making including the retention of revenues generated on the site; and the legal and institutional barriers for site management.


Saint-Martin Reserve, Concrete example of financing mechanisms of an MPA
Speaker:  Romain Renoux, Saint Martin Reserve
Saint-Martin natural reserve is a marine protected area on the island of St Martin, which aims at preserving coral reefs and associated ecosystems.
The island of St Martin is half French and half Dutch and is one of the top destination in the Caribbean – welcoming 2 million visitors annually while the island population is merely 80 000 inhabitants.
Preserving natural habitats in this context is a real challenge. If one can see tourism as a threat, we saw it as an opportunity to raise funds for the park.
At sea, a 2€/day/person marine park fee is paid by registered commercial companies and on land a 20 €/m2 concession fee is paid by other commercial activities based on public space they use.
Managing this funding mechanism is time consuming and one needs to find the right balance between long term conservation and commercial activities authorisation.


National Financing for MPAs,  the example of Croatia
Speaker: Sandro Dujmovic, Brijuni national park, Croatia  
Croatian protected areas (PAs) were co-financed by the Croatian Government until 2014. Today 3 or 4 PAs are self-sustainable whereas government funding to the remaining PAs has been cut down up to 80%. PAs together with the Ministry of Environment and Energy are seeking new financial resources through EU projects, large “in house” projects, trust funds, entrance fees etc.  In addition, the PA system itself is able to raise a lot of money earned by entrance fees but this money is not well distributed. A lot of money can be raised through EU projects but we need new skills and knowledge to be able to raise it. Will Croatian PAs together with state offices succeed to overcome these financial challenges?

Group 1: Legislative mechanisms (Fees/Taxes/offsets…))
Moderators: Jorge Moreno and Sandro Dujmovic

Group 2: Public Private Partnerships
Moderator: Nelly Bourlion, Plan Bleu

Group 3: Other mechanisms based on voluntary schemes (contribution from MPA stakeholders/Corporate sponsorship/philanthropy)
Moderator: Thomas Binet, Vertigo Lab